ADHD

Prenatal exposure to pollution and poverty may cause ADHD in children, says study

Prenatal exposure to pollution and poverty may cause ADHD in children, says study

Prenatal exposure to pollution, like environmental toxic or carcinogenic air pollutants, and socioeconomic disadvantage were linked to an increased possibility of developing ADHD symptoms and psychosocial stress in children aged nine, says a recent study, published in the journal Environmental Research. The study by the Columbia Center for Children’s Environmental Health (CCCEH) examined nonsmoking pregnant …

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Risky driving behavior in teens can be attributed to ADHD and inattention, finds study

Risky driving behavior in teens can be attributed to ADHD and inattention, finds study

Each year, many teenage drivers in the United States succumb to injuries caused by accidents or are admitted to emergency rooms for treatment of wounds sustained during motor vehicle crashes. While reasons for such accidents may be myriad, a group of researchers has suggested that mental health problems like attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and conduct …

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ADHD medication not associated with higher risk of seizures, suggests study

ADHD medication not associated with higher risk of seizures, suggests study

Stimulants are the most commonly used medications in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a neurodevelopmental disorder whose symptoms manifest early in childhood. Besides other co-occurring disorders, children with ADHD are often diagnosed with epilepsy. Although there are no guidelines on managing children diagnosed with both ADHD and epilepsy, most clinical drug trials …

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Psychiatric medications under-prescribed in youth with ADHD and other mental disorders, finds study

Psychiatric medications under-prescribed in youth with ADHD and other mental disorders, finds study

Over the last few years, psychiatric medications have become popular for treating emotional or behavioral difficulties in children and adolescents. Significant increases were previously observed in the prescriptions of anti-stimulants, antidepressants and antipsychotic medicines for children with psychiatric disorders. This led to widespread concerns that instead of being made to undergo therapy, children and adolescents …

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American children’s ADHD diagnoses plagued by lack of evidence-based techniques

American children’s ADHD diagnoses plagued by lack of evidence-based techniques

Over the last decade and a half, the United States has been witnessing changing patterns in the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among youngsters. Between 2003 and 2011, there was a 42 percent increase in the percentage of American children and adolescents aged 4-17 who had ever received an ADHD diagnosis. An estimated …

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Study links acetaminophen use during pregnancy to risk of ADHD in offspring, but some experts not convinced

Acetaminophen (APAP), also known as paracetamol, is commonly prescribed to reduce pain and fever during pregnancy. It is the active ingredient in several over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription medicines like Tylenol. Though short-term use of acetaminophen is not associated with many risks, a recent study has linked long-term acetaminophen use during pregnancy with a 220 percent …

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Study finds improvement in ADHD symptoms from long-acting stimulant

Long-acting stimulants, including methylphenidate (MPH), typically show effects after a two-hour time lag in case of youngsters suffering from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The usual practice is to administer such medication to children first thing in the morning, which is quite challenging for both children and parents as it disrupts the sleep cycle. Moreover, the delayed …

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Duke researchers to lead $12.5 million program to study link between ADHD and autism

To enhance mechanisms for early detection and to better the treatment opportunities among children diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), researchers from the Duke Center for Autism and Brain Development (Duke) will now lead a new five-year program, funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The center will …

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Gaps in diagnosis and treatment among ADHD-affected African-Americans and Latinos

A growing body of research is highlighting wide disparities in the diagnosis and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the youth of certain demographics, primarily African-Americans and Latinos. Whereas the understanding of ADHD is riddled with misconceptions in the general population, the problem appears to be more pronounced among ethnic minorities, resulting in lower diagnoses. …

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Teachers’ pivotal role in identifying ADHD in children

Symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are perhaps the most discernible among school-going children since it often results in classroom disruptions or bad performance. Given that teachers spend a considerable time of the day with children, they are often the best suited to identify ADHD in children before the symptoms become worse. Recognizing this potentially important …

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